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Parasitic, Fungal and Prions Zoonotic Diseases: A Public Health Nutrition Perspective and Policy Implication in Nigeria

Most of the communicable diseases in existence globally are zoonoses, hence, there is need to identify the benefits and demerits of these diseases for a better policy making and implementation towards improved public health. This is therefore a review of different parasitic, fungal and prions zoonotic diseases with emphasis on those that are food-borne with the identifiable pros and cons tailored towards policy implementation with a conceptual framework drawn out for Nigeria. The search engines accessed are: Google search, Google scholar, PubMed and HINARI. Zoonotic diseases can be classified based on the causative pathogens which are viruses, parasites, bacteria, fungi and prions. Some of the zoonotic diseases discussed are: Parasitic (African sleeping sickness, Angyostrongyliasis, Anisakiasis, Baylisascariasis or raccoon roundworm, Capillariasis, Parasitic eugenoids, Tapeworm or Taeniasis, Roundworm or Dirofilariasis, Echinococcosis or Platyhelminthes, Fasciolosis or Flatworm, Fasciolopsiasis, etc); Fungal (Cryptococcosis and Histoplasmosis); and Prions (Creutzfedt-Jacob disease). These diseases have associated merits and demerits. The pros as identified are: possibility of developing natural immunity against the disease in infected humans after recovery most especially in few viral zoonoses; outbreak of zoonosis may enforce proper channeling of resources for human benefits; outbreak of a zoonotic disease may also draw and command global attention to the endemic areas for aids; after an outbreak developed infrastructures, especially in the health sector, may be a trade off from an effective and prompt response to a zoonosis outbreak; there may exist a rapid concomitant technological and intellectual advancement due to the development of vaccines, drugs and other logistics to combat the disease as in the case of COVID-19. The cons are the ill health states which cause both measureable and non measureable reduction in quality of life, loss of lives and animals which are hazardous to human, animal and environmental sustainability, hence, a defective ecosystem that work against sustainable development. Zoonotic diseases are really with accompanied pros and cons which if properly considered and addressed may be helpful in adequate and effective policy making and implementation towards sustainable development.

Zoonoses, Public Health Nutrition, Policy Implication

APA Style

Paulina Oludoyin Adeniyi, Bassey Ekpenyong Anam. (2023). Parasitic, Fungal and Prions Zoonotic Diseases: A Public Health Nutrition Perspective and Policy Implication in Nigeria. Science Journal of Public Health, 11(5), 154-164. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjph.20231105.12

ACS Style

Paulina Oludoyin Adeniyi; Bassey Ekpenyong Anam. Parasitic, Fungal and Prions Zoonotic Diseases: A Public Health Nutrition Perspective and Policy Implication in Nigeria. Sci. J. Public Health 2023, 11(5), 154-164. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20231105.12

AMA Style

Paulina Oludoyin Adeniyi, Bassey Ekpenyong Anam. Parasitic, Fungal and Prions Zoonotic Diseases: A Public Health Nutrition Perspective and Policy Implication in Nigeria. Sci J Public Health. 2023;11(5):154-164. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20231105.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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