Volume 1, Issue 5, November 2013, Page: 235-238
Socio-Economic Dependence on the Incidence of Tuberculosis in Jos, North Central Nigeria
Bigwan E. I., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, P.M.B.2084, Jos, Nigeria
Ohaeri M. C., FCVMLT, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria
Vem T. S., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, P.M.B.2084, Jos, Nigeria
Sheyin Z., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, P.M.B.2084, Jos, Nigeria
Umar A., Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Dutsin Ma, Katsina State
Olukose O. J., Laboratory Department, Faith Alive Foundation, Jos
Wuyep P., Plateau State Specialist Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Gyang B., Plateau State Specialist Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Chollom S. C., National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria
Received: Dec. 11, 2013;       Published: Dec. 30, 2013
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20130105.19      View  2499      Downloads  118
Abstract
Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a disease of serious public health concern due to its high tendency of person-person transmission, morbidity, and mortality. Objective: This study aimed at determining the prevalence of AFB in relation to some socioeconomic variables within the study area. Methods: Sputum samples were collected from three hundred and three (303) patients with suspected cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Jos, Nigeria. The samples were examined using Ziehl Neelsen method. Structured questionnaires were administered to obtain some demographic data from patients that consented. Results were tested statistically for significance at p < 0.05 using Chi-square test. Results: Of the samples examined, 29(9.60%) were positive for AFB .Statistically the study reveals that occupational status and educational status does not have any effects on the prevalence (p > 0.05). Income status of individuals showed a significant effect on the prevalence (p < 0.05).Conclusion: Pulmonary tuberculosis was recorded more among patients with low socio-economic status. There is need for a more collaborative efforts and political will by the government and non-governmental agencies in order to eliminate the infection in the nearest future.
Keywords
Socioeconomic Status, Tuberculosis, Nigeria
To cite this article
Bigwan E. I., Ohaeri M. C., Vem T. S., Sheyin Z., Umar A., Olukose O. J., Wuyep P., Gyang B., Chollom S. C., Socio-Economic Dependence on the Incidence of Tuberculosis in Jos, North Central Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 1, No. 5, 2013, pp. 235-238. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20130105.19
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