Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Page: 653-659
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Rural Mothers about Home-Related Injuries in a Rural Area in El-Minia Governorate, Egypt
Emad Girgis Kamel, Department of Public Health, El-Minia Faculty of Medicine, El-Minia, Egypt
Shimaa Anwer Emam, Department of Public Health, El-Minia Faculty of Medicine, El-Minia, Egypt
Eman Sameh Mohammed, Department of Public Health, El-Minia Faculty of Medicine, El-Minia, Egypt
Received: Dec. 26, 2014;       Accepted: Jan. 10, 2015;       Published: Jan. 23, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140206.35      View  4323      Downloads  393
Background: unintentional injury remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children worldwide. Objectives: to measure the incidence and types of home injuries affecting rural children aged up to 12 years and to assess their mother's knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) about the first aids. Methods: this cross-sectional descriptive study included 283 mothers from Damares village, El-Minia, Egypt. Structured interview sheet was developed containing data about socio-demographic characteristics and the mother's KAP towards home injuries. Results: it was found that 39.8% of the children suffered from home injuries at the previous 8 weeks. About 30% of the injured children were aged ≤3years and over 63% of them were males. Cut/wound represented the highest percentage of home injury (48%) followed by fracture/fall (36%) and burn (11.9%). The study revealed that 22.3% of mothers did not know the term of first aid, most of them were illiterate. The main source of the mothers' knowledge was from television (38.5%). The practices of mothers towards the children home injuries were increased better with increasing educational level. The older the mother was the better the practice in case of home injuries. The mother’s level of education, source of knowledge about first aid, older age and occupation were significant predictors of KAP score among the studied mothers (p<0.001). Conclusions: the well educated and the older mothers have better knowledge, attitude and practice regarding home injuries than other mothers.
Home Injuries, Mother’s Education, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
To cite this article
Emad Girgis Kamel, Shimaa Anwer Emam, Eman Sameh Mohammed, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Rural Mothers about Home-Related Injuries in a Rural Area in El-Minia Governorate, Egypt, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 653-659. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140206.35
Abd El-Aty NS. Assessment of knowledge and practice of mothers towards home accidents among children under six years in Assiut governorate. Assiut University Bulletin for Environmental Research, (2005) 8(2): pp11–28.
Amin M, Abd El-Moneim M and Hafez A. Epidemiological study of preschool injuries in rural community, Qalubeya Governorate. Egyptian Journal of Community Medicine, (1998)16: pp31–41.
Baker S, O’Neill B and Ginsburg M: The injury fact book. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press (1992).
Choinière R and Robitaille Y: Methodological considerations and overall profile of mortality, hospitalizations and emergency room visits. In: Beaulne G, editor. For the safety of Canadian children and youth, Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada: (1997) pp11-47.
Eldosoky RSH: Home – related injuries among children: knowledge, attitudes and practice about first aid among rural mothers. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; (2012)18(10): pp1021-1027.
Halperin S.F. Bass J.L., and Mehta K.A.: Knowledge of accident prevention among parents of young children in nine Massachusetts towns, Public Health Rep.; (2008)98: pp548-53.
Hecht BK. First aid: from witchdoctors and religious knights to modern doctors. Medicine Net.com [online factsheet] (http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=52749, accessed at 9th August 2014)
Hossien, YE: Effect of mother’s education in relation to home accident prevention among preschool children in rural area in EL-Minia Governorate. EL-Minia MED. BULL; (2009)20(2): pp121-129.
Ibrahim A. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers attending Cairo University Hospital toward home accidents among preschool children [MSc thesis]. Egypt, Higher Institute of Nursing, University of Cairo (1991).
Joanne A.V., Mathilde J.S., Wim R.G. and Lex B.R.: Parents' perception, attitude and behavior towards child's safety: a study in 14 European countries, Taylor & Francis, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion: (2005) pp183-189.
Kamal NN. Home unintentional non-fatal injury among children under 5 years of age in a rural area, El Minia Governorate, Egypt. J Community Health; (2013) 38(5): pp873-9.
Kendrick D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, Ilyas N, Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Watson MC and Coupland C. Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention (Review). Evid Based Child Health.; (2013A)8(3): pp761-93.
Kendrick D, Mulvaney CA, Ye L, Stevens T, Mytton JA and Stewart-Brown S.. Parenting interventions for the prevention of unintentional injuries in childhood. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. (2013B) 28; pp3
Lee LK, Walia T, Forbes PW, Osganian SK, Samuels R, Cox JE and Mooney DP. Home safety practices in an urban low-income population: level of agreement between parental self-report and observed behaviors. Clin Pediatr (Phila). (2012)51(12): pp1119-24.
Maciel W and Paes CE. Riscos no ambiente doméstico e em áreas de lazer In: Campos JA, Paes CE, Blank D, Costa DM, Pfeiffer L, Waksman RD. Manual de Segurança da Criança e do Adolescente. Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria/Nestlé Nutrição: (2004) pp65-74.
Mahalakshmy T, Dongre AR and Kalaiselvan G. Epidemiology of childhood injuries in rural Puducherry, South India. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, (2011)78: pp821–825.
Morrison A and Stone DH: Unintentional childhood injury mortality in Europe: a report from the EURORISC Working Group, Injury Prevention; (2009)5(3): pp171-176.
Myhre MC, Thoresen S, Grøgaard JB and Dyb G.: Familial factors and child characteristics as predictors of injuries in toddlers: a prospective cohort study. BMJ (2011)8;2(2): pp 740-745.
National Safe Kids Campaign [online factsheet] (http://www. achd.net/injury/pubs/pdf/KidsSafety_pamphlet.pdf) accessed at 9th August 2014).
Oztürk C. Home accidents and mothers measurements in preschool children. Anatolian Journal of Clinical Investigation, (2010) 4: pp 15–21.
Paes CN and Gaspar VL. As injurias nao intencionais no ambiente domiciliar: a casa segura [Unintentional injuries in the home environment: home safety]. Jornal de Pediatria, (2005)81(5 Suppl.):S146–154.
Sonavane R and Kasthuri A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of first aid among women in a rural area [MD thesis]. Bangalore, India, Department of Community Health, Bangalore University (2008).
Thein MM, Lee BW and Bun PY. Knowledge, attitude and practices of childhood injuries and their prevention by primary caregivers in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal; (2005)46(3): pp 122–126.
Thomas J and Kavanagh J: Accidental Injury, Risktaking Behaviour and the Social Circumstances in which Young People (aged 12–24) Live: A systematic review. London, EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London (2007).
Tomruk O. First aid: level of knowledge of relatives and bystanders in emergency situations. Advances in Therapy; (2007)24: pp 691–699.
Waisman I, Núñez JM and Sánchez J. Epidemiología de los accidents en la infancia en la Región Centro Cuyo. Rev Chil Pediatr: (2002): pp 404-414.
Browse journals by subject