Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015, Page: 339-343
Magnitude and Determinants of Antenatal and Delivery Service Utilization in Arba Minch Town, South Ethiopia
Ewnetu Firdawek, Arba Minch University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Dayan Aragu, Arba Minch University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Received: Mar. 26, 2015;       Accepted: Apr. 14, 2015;       Published: Apr. 23, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150303.16      View  4029      Downloads  100
Abstract
Introduction: Maternal health care services utilization could save unnecessary severe complications and death among women during pregnancy, delivery and after delivery. Numerous factors such as characteristics of the women and their family, characteristics of illness as well as the health care system, including accessibility, acceptability, cost and quality of care, are contributed directly with the use of maternal health care. Thus it is necessary to examine these and other determinants of maternal health service utilization. Objectives: To assess the magnitude and determinants of Antenatal and delivery service utilization of pregnant women and women who delivered two years prior to the study in Arba Minch town. Methodology: Community based cross sectional study has been conducted on pregnant women and women who delivered two years prior to the study found in Arba Minch town in 2010. Simple random sampling technique was used to get the study subjects. Data were collected by trained personnel using a pre tested standardized questionnaire. Results: Among 774 respondents, mean number of pregnancy and delivery were 2.4 and 2.2 respectively. From mothers who were pregnant during the study period and 2 years prior to the study period, 715(92.4%) had ANC checkup and 478(66.8%) are preferred to deliver in health institutions. Level of education, marital status, husband’s attitude toward ANC, planned pregnancy, illness experience during last and current pregnancy, perceived susceptibility to dangerous health problems were found significantly associated with ANC utilization. For delivery service in health institution, Level of education, husband attitude towards ANC, age at first pregnancy, plan for pregnancy and ANC checkup during pregnancy to be significant predictors. Conclusion: Level of education, age at first pregnancy, plan for pregnancy and husband’s attitude were some of the factors that influence maternal health service utilization. Therefore programs and strategies should be focused on improving women education and male involvement in reproductive issue. More efforts also needed to strengthen the accessibility of maternal health services to the community.
Keywords
Antenatal Service Utilization, Delivery Service Utilization, Arba Minch Town
To cite this article
Ewnetu Firdawek, Dayan Aragu, Magnitude and Determinants of Antenatal and Delivery Service Utilization in Arba Minch Town, South Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 339-343. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150303.16
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