Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Page: 770-774
Evaluation of the Periodontal Status of Rural Populations in the Ferlo (Senegal)
Diouf Massamba, CNRS – UMI"Environment, Health, Society", Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Fann, Senegal
Boetsch Gilles, CNRS – UMI"Environment, Health, Society", Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Fann, Senegal
Cissé Daouda, Public Health Office, Department of Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Tal-Dia Anta, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Barro Ibrahima, CNRS – UMI"Environment, Health, Society", Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Fann, Senegal
Bonfil Jean Jacques, Faculty of Odontology, bd Jean Moulin Marseille, Cedex
Received: Aug. 14, 2015;       Accepted: Aug. 31, 2015;       Published: Sep. 9, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.35      View  3268      Downloads  58
Abstract
Introduction: Rural populations in the Ferlo, Senegal, are frequently studied, due to the environmental project, the “Great Green Wall,” that covers this area. Epidemiological studies on lifestyle suggested the risk of periodontal disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status of the Widou populations in the Ferlo. Methods: This is descriptive cross-sectional study examined 300 men and women over 10 years of age living in the locality of Widou in the Ferlo. They were selected by simple random sampling. Data on demographic characteristics and periodontal status were collected using a modified WHO questionnaire about assessment of periodontal health. Univariate and bivariate analyses based on sextants and individuals as units of analysis, were used to describe and compare variables. The results were considered statistically significant when a p-value was ≤ 5%. Results: The low and average plaque levels involved 58-99% of the sample. Between 50% and 75% of those examined showed average and moderate gingival inflammation. More than half of the sample needed curettage, especially in the posterior sextants. The average values of loss of attachment and pocket depth respectively ranged from 1.03 (± 1.72) mm to 2.36 (± 2.45) mm and 3.59 (± 0.80) mm to 4.3 (± 1.02) mm. Severe periodontitis was significantly associated with sex, age group, marital status and occupation. Conclusion: These results suggest the need to set up functional dental health care structures near the populations and to provide a community-level integrated prevention program.
Keywords
Periodontal Status, Ferlo’S Population, Senegal
To cite this article
Diouf Massamba, Boetsch Gilles, Cissé Daouda, Tal-Dia Anta, Barro Ibrahima, Bonfil Jean Jacques, Evaluation of the Periodontal Status of Rural Populations in the Ferlo (Senegal), Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 770-774. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.35
Reference
[1]
Ainamo J, Barmes D, Beagrie G, Cutress T, Martin J, Sardo Infirri J (1982). Development of the World Health Organization (WHO) community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN). Int Dent J.; 32: 281-291
[2]
Amarasena N, Ikeda N, Win KK, Yamaguchi Y, Takehara T, Miyazaki H (2004). Factors associated with severe periodontitis in rural Cambodia. Asia Pac J Public Health.16:50-53
[3]
Ancelle T (2003). Statistique Épidémiologie. Paris: Éditions Maloine, 300p.
[4]
Armitage GC (1999). Development of a classification for periodontal diseases and conditions. Ann. Periodontol. 4: 1-6
[5]
Baehni PC, Bourgeois D (1998). Epidemiology of periodontal health and disease. Berlin: Quintessence Publishing. 5: 19-34
[6]
Baelum V, Papanou PN (1996). CPITN and the epidemiology of periodontal disease. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 24: 367-36
[7]
Baelum V, Pisuithanakan S, Teanpaisan R, Pithpornchaiyakul W, Pongpaisal S, Papapanou PN, Dahlén G, Fejerskov O (2003). Periodontal conditions among adults in Southern Thailand. J Periodontal Res.38:156-163
[8]
Beck JD, Koch GG, Rozier RG, Tudor GE (1990). Prevalence and risk indicators for periodontal attachment loss in a population of older community-dwelling blacks and whites. J Periodontol.61:521-528
[9]
Bourgeois D, Baehni P (2002). Surveillance, épidémiologie et maladies parodontales. Encycl Méd Chir. Paris: Editions Scientifiques et Médicales Elsevier, Odontologie, 23-444-A-10, 6 p.
[10]
Diouf M, Boetsch G, Ka K,Tal-Dia A, Bontil JJ (2013). Sociocultural aspects of oral health aùong the Fulani in Ferlo (Senegal): a qualitative study 36:43-48
[11]
Diouf M, Boetsch G, Cisse D, Tal-Dia A, Bontil JJ (2012). Lifestyles and oral health in Fulani populations of Ferlo in Senegal. Med Santé Trop. 22:187-192
[12]
Diouf M, Boetsch G, Tal-Dia A, Tavitian P, Bontil JJ (2013). Digestive pathology and oral condition in the rural populations of the Ferlo in Senegal. Tropical Dental Journal.141: 1-6
[13]
Hunt RJ, Levy SM, Beck JD (1990) The prevalence of periodontal attachment loss in an Iowa population aged 70 and older. J Public Health Dent. 50:251-256
[14]
Macedo TC, Costa MDA C, Gomes-Filho IS, Vianna MI (2006). Factors related to periodontal disease in a rural population. Brazilian oral research; 20:257-262.
[15]
Papanou PN (1996). Periodontal diseases: epidemiology. Ann Periodontol; 1: 1-36
[16]
Saxer U P, Mulhemann H R (1975). Motivaton und Aufklärung. Schweiz. Mschr. Zanhnheilk. 85: 905p
[17]
Varenne B (2007). Transition épidémiologique et santé orale au Burkina Faso : Disparités d’états de santé et de recours aux soins [Thèse de santé publique]. Paris: Université Pierre et Marie Curie.
[18]
WHO (2013) Oral health survey: basic methods. Available at: http://www.icd.org/content/publications/WHO-Oral-Health-Surveys-Basic-Methods-5th-Edition-2013.pdf.
Browse journals by subject