Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Page: 289-296
Challenges of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women of Reproductive Age in Kisii Town, Kisii County, Kenya
Robert M. Kei, Department of Environmental Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
Julius K. M’Ndegwa, Department of Civil Engineering, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
Taratisio Ndwiga, Department of Environmental Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
Faith Masika, Department of Environmental Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
Received: May 17, 2016;       Accepted: Jun. 3, 2016;       Published: Jun. 17, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160404.14      View  4827      Downloads  161
Abstract
Introduction: Cervical cancer is a preventable non communicable disease of public health importance. It is the most common genital cancer and one of the leading causes of death among female population. Cervical cancer is a prevalent yet preventable cause of death among Kenyan women. The main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, practice and barriers towards screening for premalignant cervical lesions among women aged 15 years and above years in Kisii Town, Kisii County. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used and the sample population was selected among women in Kisii town. Data was collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. This instrument was pretested in a neighboring town to ascertain validity. Random sampling was used, in order to give every woman in Kisii Town opportunity to be included in the study. The sample size of 151 respondents was realized using Fisher et al, (1998). formula. Data Analysis: The SPSS version 20.0 was used to analyze the data which was presented in prose, figures and tables. Chi-square test was used to measure the strength of associations between the various variables where a p-value of = or <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Knowledge on cervical cancer and screening was very low among women in Kisii Town, because 20.5% knew about vaginal bleeding and 15% knew about having multiple sexual partners as a risk factor. There is relationship between the level of education and belief on the cure for cancer (P = 0.000), those who are more educated believed that cervical cancer can be cured at early stages while those with less education believed that cancer cannot be cured. Conclusion and Recommendation: Knowledge on cervical cancer and screening was low, hence poor practice on screening among women. Main barriers for not screening were ignorance and fear of positive results. It may be recommended that cancer screening machines should be purchased by County government and distributed to town health facilities at subsidized charge for screening. Also, awareness creation including counseling should be intensified in order to promote screening compliance.
Keywords
Cervical Cancer, Cancer Screening, Human Papilloma Virus, Cancer Lesions
To cite this article
Robert M. Kei, Julius K. M’Ndegwa, Taratisio Ndwiga, Faith Masika, Challenges of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women of Reproductive Age in Kisii Town, Kisii County, Kenya, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 289-296. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160404.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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