Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Page: 31-37
Malnutrition Among Under-five Children in Tawila Administrative Unit (TAU) at Tawila Locality in North Darfur State in Sudan, 2017
Ibrahim Ismail Mohammed Abu, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Kamil Mohammed Ahmed, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Khalid Fadl Alla Khalid, Program Analyst, United Nations Population Fund, Khartoum, Sudan
Abdelbabgi El fadil, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Ahmed Abdella Mohammed Osman, Faculty of Public Health and Health Informatics, University of Umm Al-Qura, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Malaz Elbashir Ahmed, Program Analyst, United Nations Population Fund, Khartoum, Sudan
Nada Mohamed Ali Alnair, Federal Ministry of Health, Continuous Professional Development Directorate, Khartoum, Sudan
Received: Feb. 10, 2019;       Accepted: Mar. 15, 2019;       Published: Apr. 8, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20190702.11      View  190      Downloads  43
Abstract
Malnutrition in all its forms is still a major public health problem in the world, especially in developing countries, including Sudan. It’s an underlying factor in over 50% of deaths in children under five years of age who die each year from preventable causes. Malnutrition prevents children from reaching their full physical and mental potential. The Specific objective of this paper was to determine the magnitude of malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months in Tawila Administrative Unit (TAU) in Tawila locality in North Darfur State at Sudan, 2017. This paper was comparative cross-sectional community-based study applied the quantitative research method. Five-hundred and ninety seven children at the age ranged between 6-59-month were studied. To assess the malnutrition status of the children under the study, anthropometric measurements for height, weight and edema examination were applied. The collected data analyzed by using Epidemiological Information (Epi-Info), emergency nutritional assessment software version 11 (ENA). The anthropometric result was classification based on WHO standard, 2006. The results showed that the prevalence rate of wasting was 14.7% (10.4 - 20.4 95% C.I.), stunting was 48.9% (44.1 - 53.8 95% C.I.) and underweight was 35.6% (30.4 - 41.1 95% C.I.). Male children and those aged between (12 -23 months) are at higher risk of acute malnutrition and those aged (12-35 month) are at higher risk to stunting and underweight. The study concluded that the malnutrition is an important major public health problem among under five children ages in Tawila locality. Under-five children in Tawila locality suffer high rates of malnutrition. Therefore, health facility-based interventions, community-based program, nutritional education programs are strongly recommended in Tawila locality. In addition to that ensuring food security including the availability and adequacy of general rations (including iodized salt and fortified grain/cereals).
Keywords
Acute Malnutrition, Under Nutrition, Stunting, Chronic Malnutrition, Wasting, Under Five Age Children’s, Prevalence Rate
To cite this article
Ibrahim Ismail Mohammed Abu, Kamil Mohammed Ahmed, Khalid Fadl Alla Khalid, Abdelbabgi El fadil, Ahmed Abdella Mohammed Osman, Malaz Elbashir Ahmed, Nada Mohamed Ali Alnair, Malnutrition Among Under-five Children in Tawila Administrative Unit (TAU) at Tawila Locality in North Darfur State in Sudan, 2017, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 31-37. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20190702.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Bibi Leila Hoseinietal. Child Malnutrition at Different World Regions in (1990-2013). Int J Pediatr, Vol. 3, N. 5-1, Serial No. 21, Sep 2015.
[2]
Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Abdelmonem S. Hassan, and Omar Obeid The Paradox of Nutrition-Related Diseases in the Arab Countries: The Need for Action Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 Sep; 8(9): 3637–3671.
[3]
Gritly S, Albashir A, Ibrahim B. Risk Factors of Malnutrition among Children under Five Year of Age in Mohamed Alamin Pediatric Hospital. 2015; 2319-7064 Index Copernicus Value (2013): 6.14 | Impact Factor (2014): 5.611.
[4]
Kramer, Christine V. Malnutrition in developing countries, Pediatrics and child health. 2015; 25(09):422-427.
[5]
Mandala et al. Malnutrition among children under the age of five in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): does geographic location matter, BMC Public Health. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/2612011; [Accessed 19th June 2017].
[6]
World Health Organization (WHO), Dept. of Nutrition for Health and Development. Nutrition for health and development: A global agenda for combating malnutrition. ITS (WHO 2000) Available at http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq /2000/WHO_ NHD_00.6.pdf.
[7]
Humanitarian Bulletin-Sudan, Poor nutrition levels across Sudan; Issue32 | 3 – 9 August 2015.
[8]
M A Hogue et al. Nutritional Status among under-5 Children of a selected slum in Dhaka city Northern International Medical College Journal. 2016;7 (02): 143-145.
[9]
FAO: State of Food Insecurity in the World. 2008, Retrieved on 30 March, 2016. Food Security Statistics.
[10]
Jim Mann& Stewart Truswel, Essential of Human Nutrition, 5th edition, New York. April 2017; 720 (05):289-197.
[11]
Abdalla MA, Saad A, Abdullahi HE, Abdul Gader H. Socioeconomic aspects influencing food consumption patterns among children under age of five in rural area of Sudan. 2009; Pak. J. Nutr. 8:653-659.
[12]
Robert E. Black et al., “Maternal and Child Under nutrition: Global and Regional Exposures and Health Consequences,” The Lancet 371, 9608 2008, doi: 10.1016/S01406736 (07) 61690-0.
[13]
Collins S. Treating severe acute malnutrition seriously Arch Dis Child. 2007 May; 92(5): 453–461 Sphere book.
[14]
Alredaisy MAS, Ibrahim SH Assessment of nutritional status of children less than 10 years old in rural western Kordafan. 2011; 2 (4):40-49.
[15]
Unicef Rapid Nutritional Assessment for Children (6-59) Months of Agein Syrian Refuge Families in Al-Anbar Governorate/Al Qa’im District. 2012.
[16]
Adel El Taguriet al. Risk factors for stunting among under-fives in Libya Public Health Nutrition: 12(8), 1141–1149.
[17]
Iffat. N, Nadia. B, Eliias B. A, Muhammed. M. A. STUDY ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF RURAL SCHOOL CHILDREN OF BANGLADESH. Bangladesh J Physiol Pharmacol 2014; 30(1):6-10.
[18]
Wamani H, Nordiehaug A, Stefan P, et al. Boys are more stunted than girls in Sub-Saharan Africa: a mete -analysis of 16 demographic and health surveys. BMC Paediatrics 2007: (17).
[19]
Ahmed. M. Hussein, Dawria. A. Risk Factors of Protein Energy Malnutrition Deficiency among Children under Five Years at Alruhal Camp-Kass Locality South Darfur State 2012 Sudan. doi. org/1 0.4172/2155-9597.1000252.
[20]
SK, Kumar SG, Bhat BV, et al. Malnutrition among under-five children in India and strategies for control. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine. 2015;6(1):18-23. doi:10.4103/0976-9668.149072.
[21]
Letham GM. Human nutrition in developing countries FAD of UN, Rome 2008.
[22]
M. de Onis1, C. Monteiro2, J. Akré3 and G. Clugston. The worldwide magnitude of protein-energy malnutrition: an overview from the WHO Global Database on Child Growth Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 71 (6):703-712 (1993).
[23]
Patricia M. N, Anne Christine A. N, Véronique J. E, Julie Judith T. T, Gabriel N. M, Carl M. F. M. Under Nutrition and Associated Risk Factors among Pre-School Age Children In Evodoula District, Central Region Cameroon. Received on 04 May 2017. Revised on 25 May l 2017. Accepted on 14 June 2017. DOI: 10.20959/wjpps20177-9537.
[24]
Solomon Demissie1, Amare Worku2. Magnitude and factors associated with malnutrition in children 6-59 months of age in pastoral community of Dollo Ado district, Somali region, Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health 2013; 1(4): 175-183.
Browse journals by subject