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Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 8-18
Cholera Outbreak in the Kasaï Oriental Province, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), 2018: The Case Fatality Rate in Mbuji-Mayi City and in the Rural Area
Norbert Tanke Dongmo, Cameroon Society of Epidemiology, Yaounde, Cameroon; School of Public Health, Texila American University, Georges Town, Guyana
Barry Mutombo, Provincial Division of Health Kasaï Oriental Province, Mbuji-Mayi, DRC; Faculty of Medicine, University of Mbuji-Mayi, Mbuji-Mayi, DRC
Jerome Ateudjieu, Ministry of Public Health, Yaounde, Cameroon; Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Gervais Folefack Tengomo, WHE, World Health Organization, Kinshasa, DRC
Mavard Kwengani, Ministry of Public health, Kinshasa, DRC
Paulin Gabo, WHE, World Health Organization, Kinshasa, DRC
Marie Claire Georgette Diwampovesa, WHE, World Health Organization, Kinshasa, DRC
Laurent Akilimali, WHE, World Health Organization, Kinshasa, DRC
Berthe Miwanda, National Institute of Biomedical Research, Kinshasa, DRC
Armand Nkwesheu, Cameroon Society of Epidemiology, Yaounde, Cameroon
Mamie Bangonda, WHE, World Health Organization, Kinshasa, DRC
Michel Noubom, Ministry of Public Health, Yaounde, Cameroon; Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
François-Xavier Mbopi-Keou, Ministry of Public Health, Yaounde, Cameroon; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Received: Feb. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 20, 2020;       Published: Mar. 2, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20200801.12      View  230      Downloads  113
Abstract
Cholera remains the major public health problem in the world. Cholera is endemic in DRC especially in its east part. In the Kasai Oriental province, cholera is epidemic area which registered major epidemic cyclically with high case fatality rate. The last one in 2018 started in Mbuji-Mayi city but later affected the whole province during 45 weeks with 5854 total suspected cases registered including 277 deaths (CFR: 4.7%). Our main objective was to describe this outbreak focusing on its higher CFR. We conducted quantitative descriptive study using data from the provincial line listing. Cholera was defined according to national and WHO case definition. Analyses were performed using Microsoft Excel 2010 and Epi-info7. Men were more affected (contracting or dying of) by cholera in the province. The proportion of men affected in rural area as well as the proportion of death was higher than in Mbuji-Mayi city. The outbreak started in Mbuji-Mayi with around CFR: 27.3% as well as in the rural area with CFR: 23.5% after three weeks. CFR was also high among men in Rural area as well as among persons aged 15years and above. The remote health zone situated in rural area registered the highest CFR. These were Cilundu and Kabeya-Kamwanga.
Keywords
Cholera, Outbreak, Case Fatality Rate, Kasai Oriental, Democratic Republic of Congo
To cite this article
Norbert Tanke Dongmo, Barry Mutombo, Jerome Ateudjieu, Gervais Folefack Tengomo, Mavard Kwengani, Paulin Gabo, Marie Claire Georgette Diwampovesa, Laurent Akilimali, Berthe Miwanda, Armand Nkwesheu, Mamie Bangonda, Michel Noubom, François-Xavier Mbopi-Keou, Cholera Outbreak in the Kasaï Oriental Province, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), 2018: The Case Fatality Rate in Mbuji-Mayi City and in the Rural Area, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 8-18. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20200801.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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