Science Journal of Public Health

Special Issue

Who Is Afraid of the Microbes

  • Submission Deadline: Aug. 30, 2015
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Sylvia Onyinyechi Anyadoh-Nwadike
About This Special Issue
Microbes have over the years threatened man and even his plants and animals. Several infections have been mediated by the pathogenic microorganisms. As man tries to combat existing infections, new microbial infections emerge and even those that have been thought to be extinct re-emerge. Several religious, traditional and social postulations have been put forward as the causes of emerging and re- emerging microbial infections that seem to be overwhelming to man and science. Will science and man lose the fight against pathogenic microbes? Should man let the microbes have their way? Can science help mankind to win this battle? These were questions that prompted Late Prof. H.A.Odelola, one of Nigeria's foremost Virologist and Pharmaceutical Microbiologist, to raise his voice during his inaugural lecture at University of Ibadan, Nigeria and ask, "Who is afraid of the Microbes?" This special issue, comes as a tribute to the Late University don, Prof. Herbert Akinlolu Odelola and others like him who have been part of this combat with the microbes.

Aim and scope

1. Emerging and re- emerging infectious diseases
2. Biofilms
3. Antimicrobial agents
4. Resistance to common antimicrobial agents
5. Molecular/ genetic influence on antimicrobial therapy
6. Mechanisms of microbial resistance to known antibiotics
7. Novel antimicrobials especially from plants
Lead Guest Editor
  • Sylvia Onyinyechi Anyadoh-Nwadike

    Department of Biotechnology, School of Science, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Guest Editors
  • Bahadir Yazicioglu

    Family Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuzmayis University, Samsun, Turkey

  • Akerele John O

    Department of Pharmaceutical microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

  • Osazuwa. Emmanuel. O.

    Department of Pharmaceutical microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

  • Okereke. J.N

    Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

  • Osuala. Ferdinand .O.U

    Department of Biological Science, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

  • Chika Amajoyi

    Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Published Articles
  • Risk Factors Associated with Infant Mortality in Owerri Metropolis, Imo State, Southeastern Nigeria

    Nwaokoro Joakin Chidozie , Ibe Sally N. O. , Ihenachor Chinenye A. , Emerole Chima O. , Nwufo Regina C. , Ebiriekwe Sabinus Chidubem , Onwuliri Viola A.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 64-71
    Received: Jul. 30, 2015
    Accepted: Sep. 13, 2015
    Published: Dec. 17, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.22
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    Abstract: Despite, new advances in medicine, infant mortality continues to threaten many families and the country in general. Investigation of the risk factors associated with infant mortality in Owerri metropolis, Imo State, Nigeria was therefore carried out. Selected hospitals in Owerri metropolis were used as study areas. A total of 200 respondents (healt... Show More
  • Possible Health Implications Associated with Cosmetics: A Review

    Okereke J. N. , Udebuani A. C. , Ezeji E. U. , Obasi K. O. , Nnoli M. C.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 58-63
    Received: Aug. 28, 2015
    Accepted: Oct. 28, 2015
    Published: Dec. 17, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.21
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    Abstract: Cosmetics are products applied to the body or face to improve appearance. Theycleanse, beautify, promote attractiveness and alter appearance of the body. The concept of beauty and cosmetics is as old as mankind and civilization. Assorted beauty products such as skincare products, hair products, fragrances, oral hygiene, and nail products, which may... Show More
  • Evaluation of Factors Influencing Diabetes Management Among Pregnant Women in Ahiazu Mbaise, Imo State

    Nwaokoro J. C. , Onwuliri V. A. , Emerole C. O. , Ibe S. N. O. , Nwadike P. O. , Nwufo R. C. , Ebiriekwe S. C.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 51-57
    Received: Aug. 08, 2015
    Accepted: Aug. 10, 2015
    Published: Nov. 10, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.20
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    Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by elevated blood glucose level (hyperglycaemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Many pregnant women are at the risk of developing diabetes, however most may be unassuming. This study therefore, sought to determine the level of knowledge of diabete... Show More
  • Geo-helminthes Associated with Geophagic Pupils in Selected Primary Schools in Oyi, Anambra State

    Okereke J. N. , Obasi K. O. , Nwadike P. O. , Ezeji E. U. , Udebuani A. C.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 45-50
    Received: Jul. 07, 2015
    Accepted: Sep. 02, 2015
    Published: Nov. 10, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.19
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    Abstract: Identification of geo-helminthes associated with geophagy as well as risk factors predisposing to such infestations among primary school pupils were carried out. Ethical permissions were obtained from headteachers of schools and pupils to collect stool samples of 200 volunteer pupils, aged 5-13years (106 males and 94 females) from rural and urban p... Show More
  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Laboratory Staff on Computer: Role in Scaling up Xpert MTB/RIF in Nigeria

    Nwadike P. , Gidado M. , Sani U. , Nwokoye N. , Elom E. , Onazi J. , Ajiboye P. , Iwakun M.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 40-44
    Received: Aug. 30, 2015
    Accepted: Oct. 11, 2015
    Published: Oct. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.18
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    Abstract: Information, Communication Technology (ICT) has become the order of the day. Globally, there is increasing quest for use of ICT in various spheres of life. The Health care sector is not left out: Computer based diagnosis is the hope of fast and accurate diagnostic process. GeneXpert machines for rapid diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) and drug resista... Show More
  • Antibiogram of Bacteria Isolated From Pre-School Children with Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

    Jacinta C. Elo-Ilo , Elochukwu Cajetan Ilo , Sylvia O. Anyadoh-Nwadike

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 34-39
    Received: Aug. 29, 2015
    Accepted: Sep. 18, 2015
    Published: Oct. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.17
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    Abstract: Under five mortality which implies the death of a child before his or her fifth birthday is a major problem in developing countries like Nigeria. Aside other factors; microbial infection is grossly implicated in under five mortality. More problems however are caused by antimicrobial resistant microorganisms. Antimicrobial resistance by bacteria has... Show More
  • Bacteriological Quality of Water Contaminated with Faecal Wastes from Livestock

    Anyadoh-Nwadike S. O. , Okereke J. N. , Odah R. , Obijekwu O. , Okorondu S. I. , Obasi K. O.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 29-33
    Received: Aug. 08, 2015
    Accepted: Aug. 10, 2015
    Published: Oct. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.16
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    Abstract: Water is very important to life but when contaminated, it can be deleterious to life. Livestock from various farms produce large amount of faecal wastes. Most cattle farmers move their animals from place to place around Imo State, Nigeria, in search of pasture, these animals defeacate indiscriminately. Again, many farmers indulge in indiscriminate ... Show More
  • Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among Primary School Children in Three Geopolitical Zones of Imo State, Nigeria

    Udensi Justina Ugochi , Mgbemena Ifenyinwa C. , Emeka-Nwabunnia Ijeoma , Ugochukwu Mmasi Godson , Awurum Ivy Nwaku

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 25-28
    Received: Jun. 13, 2015
    Accepted: Sep. 13, 2015
    Published: Oct. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.15
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    Abstract: A study of the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was conducted among children aged 5-16years in primary schools in rural parts of Imo State, Nigeria. Of the 337 faecal samples examined, 164 (48. 7%) harboured intestinal parasites with 65 (40. 4%) being from Orlu zone, 57 (52. 7%) from Owerri zone, and 42 (61. 8%) from Okigwe zone. The pa... Show More
  • Mechanisms of Microbial Resistance to Known Antibiotics

    Ahamefule Augustus Kelechi , Ezeji Ethelbert Uchechukwu

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 20-24
    Received: May 24, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 26, 2015
    Published: Sep. 08, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.14
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    Abstract: Most infectious diseases are known to be caused by microorganisms. The discovery of antimicrobial agents has saved the human race from a lot of sufferings due to the burden of these infectious diseases. Over the years, microorganisms have developed resistance to known antibiotics. Antimicrobial resistance among bacteria, viruses, parasites, and oth... Show More
  • Bacteriological and Physiochemical Analysis of Oguta Lake Water, Imo State, Nigeria

    Okorondu S. I. , Anyadoh-Nwadike S. O.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 14-19
    Received: Jul. 01, 2015
    Accepted: Jul. 22, 2015
    Published: Sep. 02, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.13
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    Abstract: Bacteriological and Physiochemical analysis were carried out on Oguta lake water from three guage stations; upstream, midstream and downstream used for drinking and recreational purposes in Imo State, South-Eastern, Nigeria. The results obtained were compared with World health organisation (WHO) and Environmental protection agency (EPA) standards f... Show More
  • Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Analysis of Aqueous and Ethanolic Extracts of the Bark of Tabernaemontena pachysiphon Stapf

    Duru C. M. , Anyadoh-Nwadike S. O. , Okechukwu R. I.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 8-13
    Received: Jun. 07, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 14, 2015
    Published: Sep. 02, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.12
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    Abstract: Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activities of hot water, hot and cold ethanol ethanolic extracts of the bark of Tabernaemontana pachysiphon Stapf. were assayed, using standard techniques. Escherichia coli ( E. coli ), Serratia marcescens ( S. marcescens ), Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus ), Alternaria solani ( A. solani ), Asp... Show More
  • Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from HIV Positive Patients in Imo State, Nigeria

    Emeka-Nwabunnia , Ijeoma , Chiegboka , Nneamaka Alice , Udensi , Ugochi Justina , Nwaokorie , Francisca Obigaeri

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015
    Pages: 1-7
    Received: May 21, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 26, 2015
    Published: Sep. 02, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2015030501.11
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    Abstract: Vancomycin continues to be an important antimicrobial agent for treating infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus strains that are resistant to oxacillin (MRSA) and other antimicrobial agents. Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) isolates were obtained from HIV-positive patients already on HAART treatment but were not admitted in the... Show More