Science Journal of Public Health

Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014

  • Flood Disaster Profile of Pakistan: A Review

    Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Pedro Arcos González

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 144-149
    Received: Mar. 01, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 09, 2014
    Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Floods- Disaster profile of Pakistan clearly entails that the country has experienced severe and life-threatening flooding in the recent past. During heavy monsoon rains every year, people’s exposure and vulnerability to extreme flooding increases due to the country’s current socioeconomic conditions. A fundamental change in the country’s developme... Show More
  • Prevalence of Pneumonia among under- five Children in Este Town and the Surrounding Rural Kebeles, Northwest Ethiopia; A Community Based Cross Sectional Study

    Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Mamo Wubshet Terefe, Getahun Asres Alemie

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 150-155
    Received: Feb. 18, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 11, 2014
    Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction: Pneumonia causes about two million under five deaths each year, accounting for nearly one in five child deaths globally. Identifying its prevalence in under-five children and the associated factors is crucial to achieve MDG4 in developing countries. Objective: The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors a... Show More
  • Utilization Drop-Out of Intermittent Preventive Treatment with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine among Pregnant Women in North Western Ghana

    Anthony Chiaraah, Ebenezer Owusu-Sekyere

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 156-164
    Received: Mar. 06, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 16, 2014
    Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Although studies have shown the efficacy of Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPT) with Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) as a chemo ‘prophylaxis’ for malaria during pregnancy, the dose completion rate is still low in many communities in Ghana. Since the implementation of the IPT with SP policy on pilot basis in some districts and the scaling-up of ... Show More
  • Knowledge, Approach and Status of Early Marriage in Bangladesh

    A.K.M. Fahmidul Haque, Md. Niajur Rahman, Arif-uz-Zaman Khan, Israt Jahan Mukti, Begum Lutfunnahar

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 165-168
    Received: Mar. 19, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 09, 2014
    Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Early marriage is a key indicator to assess the development of a nation. Early marriage is specifically associated with some unavoidable predicament like social and physical outcomes, mood disorders, depression, anxiety, obsessive and makes dismay. Even the possibilities of iron and calcium deficiency in pregnancy under the age of 18 will be increa... Show More
  • Factors Affecting Utilization of Postnatal Care Service in Amhara Region, Jabitena District, Ethiopia

    Yinager Gebeyehu Workineh, Desta Aregawi Hailu

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 169-176
    Received: Mar. 29, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 09, 2014
    Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Each year, 287,000 women die from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, and about 99% of these deaths occur in developing countries. The first hours, days and weeks after childbirth are a dangerous time for both the mother and newborn infant. Post natal care prevents the great majority of maternal and child morbidity and mo... Show More
  • Estimation of Parameters related to SFTSV (Severe Febrile Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus) Transmission of Sheep in Shandong, China

    Teppei Hirata, Yoshiki Kinjyo, Yayumi Nishihira, Yoshihito Yonahara, Takeshi Miyagi, Tsutomu Omatsu, Yasushi Shiroma, Tetsuya Mizutani, Yasunori Nagata, Shiro tamaki

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 177-181
    Received: Mar. 30, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 10, 2014
    Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: In this study, it has been carried out that estimation of mathematical models of SFTSV (severe febrile thrombocytopenia syndrome virus) transmission between sheep in Shandong, China. Data used in the system identification is obtained by observing the cohort group of sheep in Shandong Province, China by Chinese scientists. Observation of the cohort ... Show More
  • Male Partners Involvement in Maternal ANC Care: The View of Women Attending ANC in Hararipublic Health Institutions, Eastern Ethiopia

    Fekede Asefa, Ayele Geleto, Yadeta Dessie

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 182-188
    Received: Mar. 28, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 16, 2014
    Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Maleinvolvement in reproductive health has recently been promoted as a promising new strategy for improving maternal and child health. This is becausetheinvolvement of men in antenatal care can play a vital role in ensuring safe pregnancy, delivery and moral support to the women.However, little attention has been placed on male parnersinvolvement i... Show More
  • Practice of Menstrual Hygiene and Associated Factors among Female Mehalmeda High School Students in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

    Teklemariam Ketema Gultie

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 189-195
    Received: Apr. 09, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 24, 2014
    Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction: Menstrual hygiene management has not received adequate attention in the reproductive health sectors in developing countries. In Africa the practice of menstrual hygiene management is still poor and the issue is under estimated. Due to poor menstrual hygiene management the adolescent girls are exposed for reproductive tract infection, ... Show More
  • Prevalence of Hookworm Infection: A Retrospective Study in Kumasi, Ghana

    Williams Walana, Eric Nana Kofi Aidoo, Ezekiel Kofi Vicar, Samuel Crowther Kofi Tay

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 196-199
    Received: Apr. 09, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 24, 2014
    Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction- Epidemiological information such as trends of prevalence of hookworm infection is a prerequisite to developing and/or sustaining control strategies. Objective- This study specifically sought to establish the prevalence of hookworm infection among patients who reported at the Parasitology Laboratory of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospita... Show More
  • Household out of Pocket Expenditure of Caesarean Section Delivery in Bangladesh: A Critical Review of the Published Literature

    Eva Naznin, Mohammad Enamul Hoque, Abdullah Al Mamun

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 200-204
    Received: Apr. 23, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 28, 2014
    Published: May 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Various studies in Bangladesh examined the cost of caesarean section delivery. However, no systematic investigation on the quality of these studies has been performed. The aim of this study is to systematically review the published literature on caesarean section delivery cost in Bangladesh and to scrutiny the methodological quality of these studie... Show More
  • Tinea Capitis in Primary and Middle School Students in South-East of Iran

    Ebrahimzadeh Adel, Hashami Shahri Saeed Mohammad, Fazaeli Asghar

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 205-208
    Received: Mar. 25, 2014
    Accepted: May 05, 2014
    Published: May 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Tinea capitis is a common infection among school children, still raising public health importance in many countries. There are unpublished reports of head fungal infections, particularly Tinea capitis, in school children of Sistan and Baluchestan province, at South-East of Iran. However, the reports are only based on the clinical evidences and ther... Show More
  • HIV Risk Behaviours among Injecting Drug Users in Vietnam: A Review

    Tanvir Ahmed, Nguyen Thanh Long, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Chiao Tzu Patricia Lee, Donald Edwin Stewart

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 209-215
    Received: Apr. 11, 2014
    Accepted: May 07, 2014
    Published: May 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: There is high prevalence of HIV among Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) in Vietnam with a national level prevalence just under 20%. Both drug and sex related risk behaviors are widespread among IDUs. The objective of this review is to analyze HIV risk behaviors and identify the epidemiologic implications. Methods: Major databases were searche... Show More
  • Anaemia in Pregnancy: Prevalence and Possible Risk Factors in Kakamega County, Kenya

    Mulambalah Chrispinus Siteti, Siamba Donald Namasaka, Ogutu Philip Ariya, Siteti Darwin Injete, Wekesa Antony Wanyonyi

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 216-222
    Received: Apr. 08, 2014
    Accepted: May 08, 2014
    Published: May 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Anaemia in expectant women is a serious world-wide public health problem with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Haematological parameters indicative of pregnancy anaemia need to be investigated to provide basis for prompt management of anaemia in pregnancy. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of anaemia in pregnant mothers of various age... Show More
  • Factorial Invariance of Bias Scale, Trait Version, in Engineering and Social Sciences Mexican University Students

    Gabriel Gastélum Cuadras, Alejandro Chávez Guerrero, Judith Margarita Rodríguez-Villalobos, Jeanette López Walle, Isabel Castillo Fernández

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 223-228
    Received: Apr. 22, 2014
    Accepted: May 15, 2014
    Published: May 30, 2014
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    Abstract: This present study analyses the psychometric properties of BIAS (Body Image Anxiety Scale) testing, trait version, in engineering and social sciences students. A total sample of 918 participants; 460 from engineering and 458 from social sciences, with an average age of 18.27 years (DE = 0.70) and 18.13 years (DE = 0.74) respectively. Exploratory an... Show More
  • Fitness of Public Health Laboratory in the Republic of Macedonia for the Application of Standards for Quality

    Evgenija Kiroska-Petreska, Katja Popovska, Vesna Kostikj, Dragan Gjorgjev, Branka Petrovska

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 229-233
    Received: Apr. 24, 2014
    Accepted: May 13, 2014
    Published: May 30, 2014
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    Abstract: The main goal of this master’s study is to determine preparedness of public health laboratories concerning the conditions (area, equipment, and staff) and in relation to quality standard application, with identification of the current condition of laboratories in relation to the area, equipment and staff as well as quality standard application in t... Show More
  • Climate Variability and Malaria Transmission – Fogera District, Ethiopia, 2003-2011

    Addisu Workineh Kassa, Belay Bezabih Beyene

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 234-237
    Received: Apr. 29, 2014
    Accepted: May 20, 2014
    Published: May 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Epidemic malaria creates serious public health emergencies in Ethiopia. Malaria transmission rates have been linked to temperature and precipitation; factors that will be affected by increasing climate variability. Method: We analyzed climate and malaria data from January 2003-December 2011 in Fogera district of Ethiopia. We compared mo... Show More
  • No-Shows in Outpatient Medical Institutions in Germany – A Pilot Study about Explanations of Patients Why they Missed their Appointment

    Wolfgang Frank, Erich Kasten

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 238-242
    Received: May 10, 2014
    Accepted: May 20, 2014
    Published: May 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Patients, who miss an appointment in medical institutions (so called “no-shows”) cause a significant damage to the health care system. We asked 181 patients (65% female, 35% male; average age 43.7 y.) how often they missed appointments in the past 12 months. The questionnaire’s reliability was r = 0.76. We recorded 2,778 events. 3.13% of the appoin... Show More
  • Prevalence and Determinants of Childhood Diarrhoea among Graduated Households, in Rural Area of Shebedino District, Southern Ethiopia, 2013

    Alemu Tamiso, Mezgebu Yitayal, Akilew Awoke

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014
    Pages: 243-251
    Received: Dec. 31, 2013
    Accepted: May 30, 2014
    Published: May 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Despite dramatic declines in deaths due to diarrheal disease among infants and children in developing countries, diarrhea remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Even though Rota vaccine is not available to decrease morbidity and mortality due to diarrheal disease, Ethiopian government endorsed health extension program a... Show More