Science Journal of Public Health

Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014

  • Analysis of Risk Factors for Mortality of In-Hospital Pneumonia Patients in Bushulo Major Health Center, Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia

    Zinabu Teka, Ayele Taye, Zemichael Gizaw

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 373-377
    Received: Jul. 07, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 21, 2014
    Published: Jul. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Pneumonia remains a significant health problem in the world with significant morbidity and mortality. More than 1.16 million child pneumonia deaths occurred in just 15 countries (including Ethiopia, India at the first rank) in 2008, according to WHO figures. These 15 countries account for nearly three-quarters of all child pneumonia dea... Show More
  • Assessment of Quality of Life and Associated Factors among People with Epilepsy Attending at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Minale Tareke Tegegne, Niguse Yigzaw Muluneh, Teketel Tegegne Wochamo, Andargie Abate Awoke, Tilahun Belete Mossie, Molla Ayele Yesigat

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 378-383
    Received: Jul. 20, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 28, 2014
    Published: Aug. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: There is shortage of literature on the impact of epilepsy on quality of life (QoL). We conducted a study to assess the quality of life and associated factors among epileptic patients in Ethiopia. Method: An institution based cross -sectional study was conducted From April to May, 2013, among 423 samples of epileptic patients from outpat... Show More
  • Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice of Health Care Workers on Infection Prevention in Health Institution Bahir Dar City Administration

    Kelemua Gulilat, Gebeyaw Tiruneh

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 384-393
    Received: Jun. 28, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 18, 2014
    Published: Aug. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Infection in healthcare facilities is a major public health problem in most developing countries like Ethiopia. Currently the overall incidence of health care associated infection has been increased and burden of these infections is staggering. Thus, it is important to identify the level of health care workers knowledge, attitude and practice in st... Show More
  • Factors Associated with Timely Initiation and Exclusive Breast Feeding among Mothers of Axum Town, Northern Ethiopia

    Mussie Alemayehu, Kidan Abreh, Henock Yebyo, Kahssay Zemichael, Hailay Gebremichael

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 394-401
    Received: Jul. 09, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 15, 2014
    Published: Aug. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Globally, there is a declining in the trend of breast feeding. Moreover, inappropriate practice of timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding affects negatively on child survival, growth and development. One in every 11 and 17 Ethiopian children dies before the first birthday and the fifth birthday, respectively. However, one of the ... Show More
  • Treatment Delay among Smear Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in South Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Zerihun Zerdo Zeleke, Zemedu Mehamed Trifa

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 402-409
    Received: Jul. 24, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 14, 2014
    Published: Aug. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Most tuberculosis (TB) patients were not visiting heath facility but transmit disease to healthy individuals in the community for longer time in Ethiopia. This study was aimed at estimating duration of delay for initiation of anti-TB treatment by smear positive pulmonary TB in south Ethiopia and assesses its determinants of patient rela... Show More
  • Risky Sexual Behavior and Associated Factors among Grade 9-12 Students in Humera Secondary School, Western Zone of Tigray, NW Ethiopia, 2014

    Abel Fekadu Dadi, Fiseha Gebrethadkan Teklu

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 410-416
    Received: Jul. 02, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 18, 2014
    Published: Aug. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction: About 1.7 billion people which is more than a quarter of the world's population were between the ages of 10 and 24, and 86% are living in less developed countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines adolescent people as those between the ages of 10 to 19 years. Across the life span, adolescence is the time of greatest risk ta... Show More
  • Patients’ Satisfaction and Associated Factors among Private Wing Patients at Bahirdar Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, North West Ethiopia

    Yeshambel Agumas Ambelie, Amsalu Feleke Demssie, Measho Gbreslassie Gebregziabher

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 417-423
    Received: Aug. 06, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 18, 2014
    Published: Aug. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Patient satisfaction has become well established as an important consideration in health care provision and an integral component of measuring quality health service. However, health care outcomes still have been defined by professionals and have largely reflected a clinical perspective, particularly in low income countries including Et... Show More
  • Determinants of Use of Modern Family Planning Methods: A Case of Baringo North District, Kenya

    Paul Kisia Malalu, Koskei Alfred, Robert Too, Amon Chirchir

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 424-430
    Received: Jul. 20, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 15, 2014
    Published: Aug. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Globally, there is an increasing unmet need for safe and effective family planning services. Most women in Africa, just like in many parts around the world, desire to control both the number and timing of births but lack an effective contraceptive method. The uptake of family planning (FP) services is low in Baringo North District. The ... Show More
  • Incidences and Predictors of HIV Positivity among Infants who Born from HIV Positive Mother who Have Follow Up at Two Hospitals of Southern Ethiopia, 2014

    Tariku Tadele, Alemu Tamiso, Tafese Tadele

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 431-439
    Received: Aug. 08, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 21, 2014
    Published: Sep. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction: Despite a dramatic progress in improvements regarding infant mortality due to HIV/AIDS in the past decades, HIV/AIDS is causing a devastating impact on the world’s children. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is by far the largest source of HIV infection in children under the age of 15, with 90% of the cases infected during pregnancy... Show More
  • Awareness and Attitude to Liberalized Safe Abortion Services among Female Students in University and Colleges of Arba Minch Town, Ethiopia

    Worku Animaw, Binyam Bogale

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 440-446
    Received: Aug. 10, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 25, 2014
    Published: Sep. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Unsafe abortion is a significant cause of maternal mortality and morbidity globally. In 2005, the Ethiopian penal code was amended to permit abortion under specific circumstances to minimize the problem. However, its practice is hampered by lack of awareness of the revised criminal code and access to the service. Methods: Institution ba... Show More
  • Models of Approach to Outpatient Older Persons Care

    Célia Pereira Caldas, Renato Peixoto Veras, Luciana Branco da Motta, Ricardo Carreño Siqueira, Renata de Freitas Corrêa, Marcelo de Jesus Carlos, Ana Carolina Lima Cavaletti Guerra

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 447-453
    Received: Aug. 12, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 28, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: The aging of the population has generated discussions on the needs and unique characteristics of the users of health systems. In this context, the frailty has been used as a guide in managing health care for older adults and specific intervention has shown itself to be effective as much for the diagnosis of illnesses as the improved fu... Show More
  • Evaluation of Beta-Carotene, Iron and other Micronutrient Status of Rats Fed Sun or Shade-Dried Fluted Pumpkin (Telfariaoccidentalis) Leaves and its Product, the Leaf Curd

    Onoja, I. U., Nnam N. N.

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 454-460
    Received: Aug. 20, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 01, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: The effects of differently processed leaves and the curd of fluted pumpkin (Telfariaoccidentalis)on beta carotene, iron, ascorbate, zinc, copper and calcium status of rats were evaluated. Fluted pumpkin leaf was divided into four (4) portions. One was shade-dried, another was sun-dried and the other was used to produce leaf curd. The last portion w... Show More
  • The Effect of Khat (Catha edulis) Chewing on Blood Pressure among Male Adult Chewers, Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia

    Bizuayehu Walle Birhane, Muluken Walle Birhane

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 461-468
    Received: Aug. 18, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 01, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Khat is found in the evergreen tree or large shrub, consists of whole fresh leaves and buds of a plant known as Catha edulis. Bahir Dar is a city that three percent of Ethiopia’s total production of khat is originated from. There is no community based study that has been done in Bahir Dar city to determine effects of khat chewing behaviours on risk... Show More
  • Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Shigella and Salmonella Species among Patients with Diarrhea Attending Gondar Town Health Institutions, Northwest Ethiopia

    Tesfaye Andualem Demissie, Moges Tiruneh Wubie, Feleke Moges Yehuala, Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Getnet Ayalew Gudeta

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 469-475
    Received: Aug. 19, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 27, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Shigellosis and salmonellosis are still global health problems, especially, in developing countries where poor sanitation, lack of clean water supply and proper sewage disposal system exist. The emergence of increased antimicrobial resistance of Shigella and Salmonella species are global challenges, particularly in developing countries ... Show More
  • Effect of Test- and -Treat Strategy on Antiretroviral Drugs Uptake in a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Programme in Southwest Nigeria

    Abayomi Joseph Afe, Isah Haroun, Kemi Edet-Utan, Timothy Akinmurele

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 476-479
    Received: Aug. 30, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 17, 2014
    Published: Sep. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: A multicenter retrospective case-control study. Study subjects were HIV positive pregnant women enrolled in a prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV(PMTCT) programme in southwest Nigeria. The objective was to see if the introduction of ‘Test- and -Treat strategy’ would lead to placing higher number of HIV-POSITIVE pregnant women on antir... Show More
  • The Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors in a Latino Subgroup: A Rural Batey Population in the Dominican Republic

    Gary Hon-chung Ho, Anne Kate Press, Christine Bumatay Sethna

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 480-485
    Received: Sep. 07, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 24, 2014
    Published: Sep. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence of hypertension and identify variables associated with hypertension among residents of Batey 16. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adults residing in Batey 16 of La Romana, Dominican Republic. Residents were approached house to house and invited to participate in a blood pressure screening a... Show More
  • Survey on Sustainable Mechanisms for Financing Essential Drugs at Loumbila in Burkina Faso

    Hamado Saouadogo, Koffi Miwonovi Amoussou, Laurent Ouedraogo

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 486-493
    Received: Sep. 03, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 17, 2014
    Published: Oct. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: In Burkina Faso, households are the main source of health financing. Based on out-of-pocket health payments, the current system is a major cause of poverty. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the improvement of local health funding in Loumbila and throughout the country. A descriptive and analytical study was conducted among 271 househol... Show More
  • Utilization of Environmental Health Services of Urban Health Extension Program and Associated Factors in Debretabor Town, North West Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study

    Yilkal Tafere, Mirkuzie Woldie, Henok Assefa, Amanu Aragaw

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 494-501
    Received: Oct. 05, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 13, 2014
    Published: Oct. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Back ground: Studies in a number of countries have shown that wherever indiscriminate waste disposal is high, infant and child mortality rates are high. Although utilization of environmental health services is an important indicator for measuring success of the health extension program; data on environmental health services of urban health extensio... Show More
  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Condom Utilization among Patients Enrolled on Antiretroviral Therapy: Case of Mokoni Health Centre, Northern Ethiopia

    Kidane Tadesse, Samson Weldegebriel, Fekadu Fentabil, Habtamu Endashaw, Liqu Mogos, Meseret Teferi

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 502-506
    Received: Oct. 04, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 15, 2014
    Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: The burden of HIV/AIDS high in sub-Saharan countries which constitutes two third of globe and is worst in Ethiopia. Therefore identifying determinants of consistent condom use in HIV patients who are on ART had paramount importance in the prevention and control of the diseases. A little is known about the practice of condom use among HIV positive p... Show More